The endoscopic investigation consists in visualizing the natural cavities of the animal through a thin and long probe.
The nasal cavities, larynx, trachea with most of the bronchial tree, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, colon, ear canal, urethra and bladder can be reached without pain and without surgical incisions . At the same time as the investigation, biopsy samples are almost always collected which, following laboratory tests, will give indications on the pathology in progress and on the therapy to be implemented. Furthermore, in some cases, it is possible to carry out interventions that would otherwise require classic surgery. The entire procedure is usually performed in day hospital and general anesthesia is always required.
Endoscopic diagnostic procedures
In the Tergeste Veterinary Clinic of Trieste it is possible to carry out the following endoscopic diagnostic procedures:
RHINOSCOPY: this procedure is used in case of chronic sneezing, sneezing attacks or for the persistence of reverse sneezing. Both nasal cavities and the nasopharynx are visualized retrogradely. Foreign bodies can be visualized, which, in most cases, can be removed with special forceps during the procedure itself. Pathologies such as inflammatory rhinitis, fungal pathologies and neoplasms can be diagnosed.
BRONCHOSCOPY: indispensable procedure in the presence of persistent respiratory noises and in the case of chronic cough. The larynx, trachea, and entire bronchial tree are inspected. At the end of the procedure, samples are collected by brushing and broncho-alveolar lavage.
CYSTOSCOPY: useful for understanding the complex dysfunctions of the urogenital system. This test is used when the causes of incontinence or difficult urination are not understood or for the need to collect biopsy samples from within the bladder.
GASTRO-DUODENOSCOPY AND COLONSCOPY: endoscopic examination of the digestive system is used to frame and treat chronic gastrointestinal problems, i.e. problems present for more than a month. Through the visualization of the mucosa and the collection of samples, the examination allows us to have information on the esophagus, stomach, intestine and colon without having to access them surgically. Otoscopy: in the case of chronic and complex otological problems it is useful for evaluating the ear canal and any pathologies of the eardrum. It also allows us to collect biological samples beyond the eardrum into the middle ear.